stages of labor

The Stages of Labor

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What are the Stages of Labor?

Understanding the stages of labor can help you to prepare yourself for your upcoming birthing process. The stages of labor are usually split into three different stages: initial labor, birth, and recovery. During the first stage, the cervix starts to dilate, and you begin to experience contractions. This stage is also divided into multiple phases, as well. The second stage is when the actual birth occurs. Sometimes the third stage is divided into two stages, but it general includes the afterbirth and recovery. It is important to keep in mind that every woman is different and the length and experience of each of the stages of labor will differ accordingly. In general, you should trust your body and your care provider during all of the stages of labor. Most women head to their birthing facility toward the end of stage 1, but this will depend on you, your preferences, and your situation.   

Stage 1

The first stage of labor is often broken down into multiple components, because there are several different points that you will experience throughout this stage. You can also expect this stage to be the longest part of your birthing process. During stage 1 of labor, you will go through prodromal labor, early labor, active labor, and a transitional phase. Each of these stages will be slightly different, though they tend to flow from irregular contractions to frequent, regular ones. When you are aware of the different stages of labor, you can be better prepared for them. This can also help you to gauge where your body is at during your birthing process.

Prodromal Labor

Prodromal labor is the first portion of stage 1 of labor. This stage involves irregular contractions that will differ in duration, the strength of the contraction, and the amount of time between contractions. Sometimes, this type of labor is referred to as “false labor” because the contractions are irregular and don’t always increase in frequency. During prodromal labor, the cervix begins to dilate to prepare the way for the baby. This part of the first stage of labor can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. During this stage, it is important to focus on self-care. Ensure that you drink plenty of fluids and be patient with your body. The baby will come when your body is ready.

Early Labor

After the prodromal labor stage is the early labor stage. During early labor, the cervix continues to dilate, and contractions strengthen and lengthen. The contractions often begin to occur at much more regular intervals. The early labor stage usually lasts for several hours. As with the prodromal labor stage, it is important to practice self-care during this stage. You may want to alternate between resting and walking around. Most women go to the birthing center during the transition period between early labor and active labor, however this is largely a matter of personal preference. Listen to your body and decide on the right time to head to the birthing center for yourself.

Active Labor

stages of labor

Active labor is the stage that arises after early labor. During active labor, contractions generally start to occur about every 3 minutes for approximately a minute at a time. Many experts recommend that you use the 4:1:1 rule when you decide when to go to the birthing center. This means that the contractions occur every 4 minutes for a duration of 1 minute at a time for a whole hour. The active labor stage often lasts between 2 and 6 hours.


The transition phase is the final stage of the first stage of labor. The transition phase is when the cervix finishes dilating. During this stage, the contractions are often much stronger and more effective, so this stage usually takes less than an hour. After the transition phase, stage 2 of labor begins.

Stage 2

Stage 2 of labor is the phase in which the actual birth happens. This phase is often much shorter than stage 1 of labor. The second stage of labor can last between 15 minutes and several hours. During this stage, you can expect your body to instinctually encourage you to push. A doula can be a great help during this stage, as well. Giving birth is an important time to listen to your body and trust it to do its job. However, even though you give birth during the second stage of labor, it is not the last of the stages of labor.

Stage 3

There is some disagreement as to whether there are 3 or 4 stages of labor. Sometimes stage 3 is considered afterbirth and stage 4 is recovery. Other times, these two processes are combined into a single stage. Whatever way you wish to look at it, after you give birth, there is the afterbirth followed by the recovery period. During afterbirth, the placenta is delivered. This is usually a short period and occurs relatively shortly following stage 2. After the placenta has been delivered will be the recovery period.

The recovery period is often up to you. Consider how you are feeling and what your body needs during this period. It is common to want skin-to-skin contact with your baby immediately after giving birth. This helps to provide a great bonding experience for mothers and their babies. The recovery period is also an excellent time to attempt breastfeeding for the first time. This is especially true because your midwife will likely be available to help you during that period of time. This is another time where it is important to listen to your body so that you understand what you need.

Contact Us

Understanding the stages of labor is just one way to prepare yourself for your birthing process. Our team at My Family Birth Center can help to guide you through prenatal appointments to ensure that you are getting the best care for your particular situation. It is important to know how to take care of yourself and your baby throughout your pregnancy and labor. To learn more about our services and the stages of labor that you can expect to experience, contact us at My Family Birth Center today!

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2 thoughts on “The Stages of Labor”

  1. Pingback: How to Write the Best Birth Plan – My Family Birth Center

  2. Pingback: Tips To Getting Comfortable During Labor and Delivery – My Family Birth Center

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